The payment of gratuity is applicable to any institution which has employed 10 or more persons for 12 months. The Gratuity Act 1972 covers the employees of the organization coming from mines, ports, companies, plantation, etc. Once an organization gets registered under the Gratuity act, they are bound to pay the gratuity even if the count of employees goes below to 10. The act is government by Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.
Gratuity is a comprehensive payment from the employer’s front without any requirement of contribution from the employees end. And it’s a monetary benefit given to the employee by the employer. Gratuity is the right of employee and even if the employer goes bankrupt, he/she is liable to pay the gratuity amount to the employees.
Contractual or temporary employees are not covered under the act to claim gratuity. But it can be given, if the organization chooses to do so. The act is applicable for all the states of India except Jammu and Kashmir. All the government bodies, defense department fall under the purview of this act. And the private organizations are also covered under the act but they are subject to certain criteria.
The employer gets two choice in payment of gratuity. One is where the amount can be paid from gratuity fund and in other case, the amount can be paid by life insurer and can go for group gratuity plan.